Folkwear - 121 - Guatemalan Gabacha
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Worn by women in the home and marketplaces, this pert pinafore has puffed sleeves with either a narrow straight cuff or decorative shaped cuff; or it may be worn sleeveless. For contemporary wear, our version closes at center back with a zipper. The Dress is gathered at front waist with a tie belt that emerges from shaped pockets. It also gathers at the square yoke in front and back and falls to street length, finishing with a hem ruffle.
This sewing pattern includes instructions for the authentic open-backed apron. For an authentic version, use gingham or plaid. Cut yoke, cuffs, pockets, ruffle, and optional handwork on the bias. Finish with contrasting braid if desired. Simpler versions do not require bias yardages and can have simple finishes.
Suggested fabrics: Light to medium weight cotton or blends; rayon; linen; silk. Gabachas were traditionally made in cotton ginghams and plaids, with yoke, pockets, cuffs, and ruffle cut on the bias as a decorative treatment.